What is your risk of aggressive prostate cancer? Studies show larger men have a higher risk.
For every extra 4-inches on a man’s waist, his risk of developing aggressive prostate cancer increases by 14%. The risk of developing terminal prostate cancer increases by 18%.
142,000 men from eight different European countries participated in this study. About 7,000 developed aggressive prostate cancer and 1,388 were diagnosed with advanced-stage prostate cancer.
934 of these cases were terminal.
Lead researcher, Dr. Aurora Perez-Cornago, Nutritional Epidemiologist at the University of Oxford, says:
“The observed links with obesity may be due to changes in hormone levels in obese men, which in turn may increase the risk of aggressive prostate cancer. However, the difference in prostate cancer may also be partly due to the differences in prostate cancer detection in men with obesity.”
Digital rectal exams are harder to perform on obese men—cancer isn’t detected until later stages. PSA (Prostate-Specific Antigen) blood tests are not as reliable for obese men; the higher volume of blood dilutes prostate-specific antigens, which masks elevated levels and shows a normal reading.
By invalidating early detection procedures, prostate cancer isn’t caught until it is in later stages.
Prostate cancer is a serious risk for all men. It is the second most common cancer in men; 1 in 7 develop prostate cancer.
It is estimated that 1 in 39 men will die from the disease.
Obesity increases the risk of developing high-grade prostate tumors.
Dr. Perez-Cornago states, “I definitely think these results encourage men to have a healthy weight, and to have more public health policies that prevent obesity.”
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Weight loss is proven to help lower your risk of prostate cancer. “A healthy body weight is associated with a reduced risk of high-grade prostate cancer and death from prostate cancer years later,” explains Dr. Perez-Cornago.
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